Berrin Erok
Naciye Kış


Introduction. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignant renal tumor in adults accounting for 80-90% of primary malignant adult renal neoplasms. RCC represents a very heterogenous groups of tumors with a number of distinct histological varieties, of which the major 3 subtypes are clear cell RCC (70-80%), papillary RCC (13-20%), and chromophobe RCC (5%). Imaging features are varied from solid and relatively homogenous appearance to markedly heterogenous appearance with cystic changes, hemorrhage and necrosis. The use of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) for RCC subtyping and also for differentiation of high grade and low grade tumors has been showed to be useful in many studies in the literature.

Aim. In this study, we aimed to determine the comparative contribution of DWI in differentiation of the clear cell RCC from the major non-clear cell RCC subtypes at standard high b-value (1000 s/mm2) versus low b-value (500 s/mm2). In addition, we also aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of DWI for differentiating high grade clear cell RCC from low grade clear cell RCC based on Fuhrman grades in our patients.

Material and methods. 62 cases with a prediagnosis of RCC according to MRI findings including DWI sequence with histological verification and subtyping of renal cortical tumor following a total or partial nephrectomy were included in the study.

Results. Among 62 cases, 46 were male and 16 were female, with mean age of 59.5±15.7. Pathological diagnoses of 62 cases were as follows, clear cell RCC, (44) papillary cell RCC (14) and chromophobe cell RCC (4). They were divided into two groups as clear cell RCC group (44 cases) and non-clear cell RCC group (18 cases). There was no statistically significant difference between the mean ADC values of clear cell and non-clear cell groups at b-value of 1000 s/mm2 (p>0.05). However, the mean ADC level for clear cell RCC group at b-value of 500 s/mm2 were significantly higher than for non-clear cell RCC group (p>0.05). However, ADC values for grade III-IV group was statistically significantly lower than ADC values for Grade I-II group at b-factor of 500 s/mm2 level.

Conclusion. ADC measurements at moderate b-value of 500 s/mm2 were more sensitive in subtyping and grading of RCC cases. This technique can be used in clinical practice as a fast and additional sequence in abdominal MRI.

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